Climate Data from Israel and the Mediterranean Region

A list of datasets available in Israel and the Mediterranean region. Including datasets of temperature, rainfall, aerosols, regional climate model output, sea surface temperature amongst others.

Please click on the dataset you are interested in to see additional information.

Israel Meteorological Service

The Israel Meteorological Service contains a large collection of meteorological data available for download on their online database.

This includes forecasts for the same day and the three coming days which are updated twice daily for the following:

  • Weather
  • Temperature
  • Rain
  • Wind
  • Relative humidity

Hourly observations of meteorological variables can be found, for a number of locations around Israel, along with rainfall observations.

As well as; rain radar, satellite images (from Eumetsat), synoptic maps and upper air observations (measured using a radiosonde twice daily. Note that only the latest sounding appears, previous data can be accessed through ).

Israel Meteorological Service’s historical data can be accessed through their online database, .

Which contains a large number of meteorological variables at varying temporal resolutions, described in detail below. The temporal coverage varies depending on when the station was set up and whether it is still in use.

Hourly measurements:

  • Temperature
  • Moist temperature
  • Dew point temperature
  • Relative humidity
  • Windspeed
  • Wind direction
  • Pressure at station height
  • Pressure at sea level
  • Visibility
  • Total cloud cover
  • Low cloud cover
  • Cloud bottom height (of low clouds)
  • Cloud type (for low, mid and high clouds separately)
  • מזג אויר נוכחי
  • מזג אויר שחלף

Daily measurements:

  • Maximum temperature
  • Minimum temperature
  • Temperature close to surface
  • Duration of sunrise
  • התאדות יומית מגיגית סוג א’
  • Hail
  • Frost
  • Fog
  • Thunder
  • Sandstorm
  • Snow
  • Dew
  • Mist
  • Lightning
  • Storm

Rain data

  • Daily rainfall
  • Monthly rainfall
  • Maximum daily rainfall in month
  • Number of rainy days in month
  • Seasonal rainfall

Radiation data

  • Total radiation
  • Diffuse radiation
  • Direct radiation
  • Mean hourly radiation

This data can be downloaded from:

Along with metadata, file descriptions, station maps and more.

The Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection can be found on the following:

Or for English:

The Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development can be found at:

Or in English:

Radiosonde data is available from the following sources:

Israel’s radiosonde soundings are at Bet Dagan, for which the station number is 40179.

The Israeli Meteorological Service also provides the last sounding on their website at:

The IACDC’s Cyclones and Cyclone Tracks Database is a publicly open database created specifically for the IACDC.

It can be accessed at the following:

The database  includes all cyclones detected in 1980-2016, along with cyclone tracks. Ithas been created using an algorithm, finetuned for cyclones in the Mediterranean, using data from the ERA Interim reanalysis. The temporal coverage of the dataset is 1980 to 2016, and covers the mediterranean and surrounding region, specifically 5˚N-75˚N, 25˚W-65˚E.

The dataset is divided into a tracks database and a cyclone (low centre) database, contatining the following information:

  • Tracks database
    • A unique track ID for each
    • The track length (number of counts of cyclone centres, i.e. units of 6 hours)
    • List of cyclones contributing to each track
  • Cyclones database
    • A unique cyclone ID
    • Time at which cyclone was detected
    • Latitude and longitude
    • Sea level pressure (SLP) at low centre
    • SLP gradient
    • Cyclone radius
    • Geopotential thickness between the 500-1000hPa and 500-850hPa pressure levels
    • Steering U wind and V wind at 500hPa
    • Predicted location of cyclone centre 3 hours before detection
    • Predicted location of cyclone centre 6 hours after detection

The Kinneret Data Center was established at the Kinneret Limnological Laboratory (KLL). In addition to climate variable it stores physical, chemical and biological data from Lake Kinneret (also known as the Sea of Galilee).

The following data can be found on the Kinerret Data Center’s website:

  • Long term monitoring published in annual reports
  • Graphical representation of the monthly mean values of Lake Kinneret’s water quality
  • Meteorological data from the center of the lake.
  • Water quality at center of lake in real time (includes temperature, oxygen, pH, clorophyll and conductivity)
  • Graphical representation of long term chemical and biological data
  • Satellite images of temperature and chlorophyll concentrations

More information and data access for the Kinneret Data Center can be found on:

The DREAM-8b (Dust Regional Atmospheric Model) is run operationally at Tel Aviv University as of 2006, producing daily forecasts the 3D distribution of dust concentrations for a set of 8 particle size classes between 0.1 and 7.1 microns.

Temporal coverage: 2016-present

Spatial coverage and resolution: Run over several model domains which include, the Mediterranean, North Africa, Europe, and the Atlantic Ocean. The main model domain, covers 20W – 45E, 15N – 50N with a resolution of 0.3 degrees.

All the major processes that dust particles are involved in are included—namely, production from sources, vertical turbulent transport, vertical advection, horizontal transport and wet and dry deposition. With the emissions dependent on friction velocity and surface conditions calculated by the model. It includes dust sources in the Western, Central and Eastern Sahara, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula.

For more information please see the DREAM-TAU Desert Dust Forecast Homepage

Regional Israeli Data Available for Request or Download from the IACDC